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Editor’s note: This is the first in a series of six pieces that show how professional sports owners in America contribute to political campaigns, why they spend millions in the space and what that financial power means as athletes across sports continue to embrace activism of their own.

American professional sports owners have contributed nearly $47 million in federal elections since 2015, according to research by ESPN in partnership with FiveThirtyEight, including $10 million to Republican causes and $1.9 million to Democratic causes so far in the 2020 election cycle.

That strong Republican lean is consistent with owners’ spending in the 2018 and 2016 federal elections as well. A deep search in the Federal Election Commission database of campaign finances for principal owners, controlling owners, co-owners and commissioners from the NBA, NFL, NHL, WNBA, MLB and NASCAR reveals that this deep-pocketed group has sent $34.2 million (72.9 percent) to Republican campaigns or super PACs purely supporting Republican causes, compared to $10.1 million (21.5 percent) to Democrats over the past three elections. Less than 6 percent of contributions went to bipartisan or unaffiliated recipients.

The research includes more than 160 owners and commissioners spanning 125 teams, though no list of this kind can be completely comprehensive. Only current owners in each league and only their contributions while they have been involved with their franchises were included. Spouses and relatives were not considered unless they also play a controlling role in the ownership group. If a contribution appeared to be from an owner but could not be confirmed, it was not included. And, as is the case with many millionaires and billionaires, owners have a number of ways to hide their political spending.

Some of the biggest takeaways from the data are below. And in the coming days, the series will delve into:

The three different reasons owners donate to politiciansDark money and why owners hide their political spendingWhy the NFL has its own super PACHow political perception differs from reality in each leagueHow athletes are working to create their own political change

Overall contributions

Contemporary sports ownership has become an exclusive club with entry fees that reach into eight- and nine-figure territory. The rarefied Americans who can afford those fees tend to skew older, whiter and more male. As political donors, these owners skew toward the GOP.

Of the 160 owners and commissioners in ESPN’s database, 74 contributed a majority of their publicly searchable funds to Republican campaigns, with 48 donating a majority to Democrats and the rest sending most of their money to causes that aren’t fully aligned with either party.

But while that overall summary is interesting, a more pronounced signal begins to emerge when we look more closely at this group’s larger political donations. There are 40 owners who have donated at least $100,000 to Republican causes over the six-year period, compared to 23 owners topping $100,000 to Democrats, helping lead to these splits:

In total, here is the election-cycle contribution breakdown for owners and commissioners for these leagues:

Significantly more money goes to Republicans

Specifically partisan contributions from owners and commissioners in the NFL, NBA, WNBA, NHL, MLB and NASCAR, per election cycle

Election yearTo RepublicansTo DemocratsTotal2020$10,022,931$1,874,333$11,897,264201811,282,5704,174,21215,456,782201612,940,5144,065,09317,005,607Sources: Federal Election Commission, OpenSecrets

It’s important to note that not all data for the 2020 election cycle is publicly available at our time of publishing. Some of the big super PACs had filed only individual contributor data to the FEC as of June 30, meaning their most recent contributions aren’t included in our totals.

Drilling down deeper into the data, we can see that federal contributions in each league lean red, except for in the WNBA:

Overall, 51.7 percent of all contributions by WNBA owners went to Democrats, with 42.3 percent going to Republicans. And of the $1.3 million contributed by WNBA owners to Republicans, 65.5 percent comes from Kelly Loeffler, the Republican from Georgia who is co-owner of the Atlanta Dream.

Expanding to all the leagues in our research, here are their totals to each party over the six-year period:

MLB owners have donated the most

Specifically partisan contributions from owners and commissioners in the NFL, NBA, WNBA, NHL, MLB and NASCAR, by party, 2016-20

LeagueTo RepublicansTo DemocratsTotalMLB$15,181,761$5,184,604$20,366,365NBA8,372,3002,641,48711,013,787NHL7,087,1161,726,7338,813,849NFL5,032,470873,5005,905,970WNBA1,338,4591,634,1532,972,612NASCAR576,11093,983670,093Source: Federal Election Commission, OpenSecrets

Owners’ conservative lean extends into the current presidential cycle as well. Americans have donated similar amounts to both President Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden, but owners are giving more to Trump, according to the database.

Thirteen owners have contributed directly to Trump’s campaign or Trump super PACs in the 2020 election cycle, with contributions adding up to $1,746,423. That list of owners includes:

Bill Foley (Vegas Golden Knights), Bill Hornbuckle (Las Vegas Aces), Charles Johnson (San Francisco Giants), Dan Devos (Orlando Magic), Jack Roush (NASCAR), James Dolan (New York Knicks and Rangers), Kelly Loeffler (Atlanta Dream), Mike Brown (Cincinnati Bengals), Peter Karmanos (Carolina Hurricanes), Robert Plummer (Los Angeles Dodgers), Roger Penske (Team Penske) Tilman Fertitta (Houston Rockets) and Todd Ricketts (Chicago Cubs)

By contrast, 20 owners have contributed directly to Biden or Biden’s super PACs, though at smaller totals, with overall contributions equaling $405,745. The Biden contributors include:

Arthur Blank (Atlanta Falcons), Arthur J. Rooney II (Pittsburgh Steelers), Billie Jean King (Dodgers), David Blitzer (Philadelphia 76ers and New Jersey Devils), David Bonderman (Seattle Kraken), Herbert Fritch (Nashville Predators), Herbert Simon (Indiana Pacers and Fever), Ilana Kloss (Dodgers), James Dinan (Milwaukee Bucks), Jeff Dickerson (Spire Motorsports), Jim Pohlad (Minnesota Twins), John Rogers (Chicago Sky), Laura Ricketts (Cubs), Marc Lasry (Bucks), Mary Kelly (Denver Broncos), Michael Alter (Sky), Peter Guber (Golden State Warriors and Dodgers), Tom Werner (Boston Red Sox), Zygi Wilf (Minnesota Vikings) and Hornbuckle

The big-money donors

A relatively small group of donors makes up a huge chunk of the overall donation data. Forty owners account for more than $40 million — more than 85 percent of all contributions. And looking specifically at these big spenders, it’s clear where their allegiances lie: 77.7 percent of that $41 million went to Republican causes or candidates, with 18.8 percent going to Democrats.

This is where the political spending power among American professional sports ownership is concentrated. Here’s that full list:

Bill Foley (Knights), Charles Johnson (Giants), Dan DeVos (Magic), Dan Gilbert (Cavaliers), Dan Snyder (Washington), David Tepper (Panthers), David Bonderman (Kraken), E. Stanley and Ann Kroenke (Nuggets/Rams/Avalanche), Edward Glazer (Buccaneers), Fred Wilpon (Mets), Herbert Simon (Pacers/Fever), James Dinan (Bucks), James Dolan (Knicks/Rangers), Janice McNair (Texans), Jeremy and Jerry Jacobs (Bruins), Jerry Jones (Cowboys), Jerry Reinsdorf (Bulls/White Sox), Jim Pohlad (Twins), Jimmy and Susan Haslam (Browns), Jody and Paul Allen (Blazers/Seahawks), Josh Harris (76ers/Devils), Kelly Loeffler (Dream), Ken Kendrick (Diamondbacks), Laura Ricketts (Cubs), Magic Johnson (Dodgers/Sparks), Micky Arison (Heat), Peter Angelos (Orioles), Peter Karmanos (Hurricanes), Philip Anschutz (Kings), Ray Davis (Rangers), Robert Castellini (Reds), Roger Penske (Team Penske), Ron Burkle (Penguins), Stephen Ross (Dolphins), Steve Tisch (Giants), Ted Leonsis (Wizards) and Tilman Fertitta (Rockets)

And when we isolate just the big-ticket donations topping $100,000 from this group, a familiar picture emerges. More than 63 percent of the $47 million in the database of nearly 3,000 contributions comes from just 108 donations split among these 41 owners — and 79 percent of that money went to Republican causes.

No matter how you slice it, the big takeaway is clear: The biggest political spenders in pro sports prefer red to blue.

Owner-level data

This table reflects the total contributions for each owner and commissioner in our database over the past three election cycles, grouped by political party. Note that some family members appear together and that only contributions while owners have been involved with the team are included.

Which team owners gave the most?

Donations from team owners, by cyle and party donated to

Owner
Team
League
Cycles
Amount
Bipartisan
Charles JohnsonSan Francisco GiantsMLB2016-20$10,995,500Rep.Dan DeVosOrlando MagicNBA2016-202,280,400Rep.Peter AngelosBaltimore OriolesMLB2016-202,082,772Dem.Philip F. AnschutzLos Angeles KingsNHL2016-201,776,700Rep.Laura RickettsChicago CubsMLB2016-201,715,425Dem.Jimmy and Susan HaslamCleveland BrownsNFL2016-201,596,900Rep.Dan GilbertCleveland CavaliersNBA2016-201,479,700Rep.James L. DolanNew York Knicks, New York RangersNBA, NHL2016-201,479,600Rep.Ken KendrickArizona DiamondbacksMLB2016-201,379,700Rep.Janice S. McNairHouston TexansNFL2016-201,354,400Rep.Robert H. CastelliniCincinnati RedsMLB2016-201,220,182Rep.Bill FoleyVegas Golden KnightsNHL2018-20989,200Rep.Micky ArisonMiami HeatNBA2016-20886,000Rep.Kelly LoefflerAtlanta DreamWNBA2016-20876,150Rep.Jerry ReinsdorfChicago Bulls, Chicago White SoxNBA, MLB2016-20827,000BipartisanJohn RogersChicago SkyWNBA2016-20661,650Dem.Ron BurklePittsburgh PenguinsNHL2016-20639,300Dem.Ron BurklePittsburgh PenguinsNHL2016-20620,300Rep.Peter Karmanos Jr.Carolina HurricanesNHL2016-20588,402Rep.Jerry ReinsdorfChicago Bulls, Chicago White SoxNBA, MLB2016-20560,200Rep.Stephen M. RossMiami DolphinsNFL2016-20447,300Rep.Tilman J. FertittaHouston RocketsNBA2018-20444,200Rep.Jerry ReinsdorfChicago Bulls, Chicago White SoxNBA, MLB2016-20410,100Dem.Edward P. Roski Jr.Los Angeles KingsNHL2016-20371,000Rep.Herbert SimonIndiana Pacers, Indiana FeverNBA, WNBA2016-20345,600Dem.Roger PenskeTeam PenskeNASCAR2016-20343,300Rep.Josh HarrisPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-20314,700Rep.David BondermanSeattle KrakenNHL2020303,300Dem.Magic JohnsonLos Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles SparksMLB, WNBA2016-20289,900Dem.Marc LasryMilwaukee BucksNBA2016-20271,500Dem.Micky ArisonMiami HeatNBA2016-20264,600Dem.Jody Allen (Paul G. Allen Trust)Portland Trail Blazers, Seattle SeahawksNBA, NFL2016-20248,700Rep.Edward GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-20223,905Rep.Jerry JonesDallas CowboysNFL2016-20214,000Rep.David A. TepperCarolina PanthersNFL2020200,000Rep.James DinanMilwaukee BucksNBA2016-20187,400Dem.Jim PohladMinnesota TwinsMLB2016-20187,000Dem.Steve TischNew York GiantsNFL2016-20184,660Dem.Jody Allen (Paul G. Allen Trust)Portland Trail Blazers, Seattle SeahawksNBA, NFL2016-20166,100Dem.Ted LeonsisWashington Wizards, Washington Capitals, Washington MysticsNBA, NHL, WNBA2016-20163,513Dem.Todd RickettsChicago CubsMLB2016-20162,235Rep.Ray C. DavisTexas RangersMLB2016-20156,600Rep.Wes EdensMilwaukee BucksNBA2016-20152,600Dem.Todd BoehlyLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-20144,300Dem.Herbert SimonIndiana Pacers, Indiana FeverNBA, WNBA2016-20140,600Rep.Craig LeipoldMinnesota WildNHL2016-20139,910Rep.James L. DolanNew York Knicks, New York RangersNBA, NHL2016-20130,400Dem.Michael J. BidwillArizona CardinalsNFL2016-20130,000Rep.Henry and Susan SamueliAnaheim DucksNHL2016-20129,500Rep.Rick HendrickHendrick MotorsportsNASCAR2016-20126,000Rep.Mike BrownCincinnati BengalsNFL2016-20125,600Rep.Jeremy M. Jacobs and Jerry Jacobs Jr.Boston BruinsNHL2016-20121,600Rep.Glen TaylorMinnesota Timberwolves, Minnesota LynxNBA, WNBA2016-20119,100Rep.Dan SnyderWashington Football TeamNFL2016-20116,200Rep.Tom WernerBoston Red SoxMLB2016-20113,250Dem.David BlitzerPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-20109,070Dem.Fred WilponNew York MetsMLB2016-20106,977Rep.Robert SarverPhoenix Suns, Phoenix MercuryNBA, WNBA2016-20105,300Rep.Arthur BlankAtlanta FalconsNFL2016-20103,300Dem.Jimmy and Susan HaslamCleveland BrownsNFL2016-20102,500BipartisanE. Stanley Kroenke and Ann KroenkeDenver Nuggets, Los Angeles Rams, Colorado AvalancheNBA, NFL, NHL2016-20100,000Dem.Thomas L. WilliamsCincinnati RedsMLB2016-2094,600Rep.Dean A. SpanosLos Angeles ChargersNFL2016-2092,820Rep.Stephen M. RossMiami DolphinsNFL2016-2092,200Dem.Todd BoehlyLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-2091,200Rep.David BlitzerPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-2090,500Rep.Bill Dewitt Jr.St. Louis CardinalsMLB2016-2087,075Rep.John FisherOakland AthleticsMLB2016-2082,300Rep.Peter Karmanos Jr.Carolina HurricanesNHL2016-2069,500Dem.Zygi WilfMinnesota VikingsNFL2016-2069,150Dem.Jeff VinikTampa Bay LightningNHL2016-2068,900Rep.Terry PegulaBuffalo Sabres, Buffalo BillsNHL, NFL2016-2066,000Rep.Rocky WirtzChicago BlackhawksNHL2016-2065,904Rep.Jeremy M. Jacobs and Jerry Jacobs Jr.Boston BruinsNHL2016-2065,000BipartisanRoger PenskeTeam PenskeNASCAR2016-2062,233Dem.Richard ChildressRichard Childress RacingNASCAR2016-2061,100Rep.Kim PegulaBuffalo Sabres, Buffalo BillsNHL, NFL2016-2060,400Rep.Arthur J. Rooney IIPittsburgh SteelersNFL2016-2056,000BipartisanRocky WirtzChicago BlackhawksNHL2016-2056,000BipartisanVivek RanadiveSacramento KingsNBA2016-2055,731Dem.Gail MillerUtah JazzNBA2016-2054,900Rep.Clark HuntKansas City ChiefsNFL2016-2053,675Rep.Tom GoresDetroit PistonsNBA2016-2052,700Dem.Michael AlterChicago SkyWNBA2016-2050,750Dem.Clayton BennettOklahoma City ThunderNBA2016-2050,100Rep.Edward P. Roski Jr.Los Angeles KingsNHL2016-2048,600Dem.Bill CameronDallas WingsWNBA2016-2044,508Rep.Micky ArisonMiami HeatNBA2016-2043,100BipartisanSteve BallmerLA ClippersNBA2016-2043,100Dem.Tony ResslerAtlanta HawksNBA2016-2040,900Dem.Robert SarverPhoenix Suns, Phoenix MercuryNBA, WNBA2016-2040,000BipartisanHerbert SimonIndiana Pacers, Indiana FeverNBA, WNBA2016-2039,000BipartisanGinny GilderSeattle StormWNBA2016-2038,550Dem.Dave ScottPhiladelphia FlyersNHL2016-2038,350Rep.Mark AttanasioMilwaukee BrewersMLB2016-2037,400Dem.Bobby PattonLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-2036,100Dem.Charles JohnsonSan Francisco GiantsMLB2016-2035,000BipartisanMark H. MurphyGreen Bay PackersNFL2016-2035,000BipartisanRichard ChildressRichard Childress RacingNASCAR2016-2035,000BipartisanJohn P. McConnellColumbus Blue JacketsNHL2016-2034,900Rep.Josh HarrisPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-2034,250Dem.E. Stanley Kroenke and Ann KroenkeDenver Nuggets, Los Angeles Rams, Colorado AvalancheNBA, NFL, NHL2016-2033,400Rep.Dave ScottPhiladelphia FlyersNHL2016-2032,750BipartisanArte MorenoLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimMLB2016-2032,600Rep.Carole MorenoLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimMLB2016-2032,600Rep.Marian IlitchDetroit Tigers, Detroit Red WingsMLB, NHL2016-2032,500Rep.Bill CameronDallas WingsWNBA2016-2032,092BipartisanHenry and Susan SamueliAnaheim DucksNHL2016-2031,600Dem.Bill Hornbuckle (MGM Resorts International)Las Vegas AcesWNBA2016-2030,920Dem.Richard L. MonfortColorado RockiesMLB2016-2030,400Rep.David BondermanSeattle KrakenNHL202030,300Rep.Arthur BlankAtlanta FalconsNFL2016-2030,000BipartisanJames IrsayIndianapolis ColtsNFL2016-2030,000BipartisanJohn RogersChicago SkyWNBA2016-2030,000BipartisanDan DeVosOrlando MagicNBA2016-2030,000BipartisanRon FowlerSan Diego PadresMLB2016-2030,000BipartisanPaul DolanCleveland IndiansMLB2016-2028,700Rep.Lisa BrummelSeattle StormWNBA2016-2028,350Dem.Mary BrockAtlanta DreamWNBA2016-2026,200Rep.Fred WilponNew York MetsMLB2016-2025,228Dem.Amy Adams StrunkTennessee TitansNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanArte MorenoLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanBob NuttingPittsburgh PiratesMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanBryan GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanDarcie Glazer KassewitzTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanDean A. SpanosLos Angeles ChargersNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanJames IrsayIndianapolis ColtsNFL2016-2025,000Dem.Jeffrey LuriePhiladelphia EaglesNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanJim CraneHouston AstrosMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanJoel GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanJim PohladMinnesota TwinsMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanRobert H. CastelliniCincinnati RedsMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanMark WalterLos Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles SparksMLB, WNBA2016-2025,000BipartisanPaul DolanCleveland IndiansMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanTom WernerBoston Red SoxMLB2016-2025,000BipartisanVincent J. ViolaFlorida PanthersNHL2016-2025,000BipartisanZygi WilfMinnesota VikingsNFL2016-2025,000BipartisanJerry JonesDallas CowboysNFL2016-2024,650BipartisanGail MillerUtah JazzNBA2016-2024,500BipartisanBill Hornbuckle (MGM Resorts International)Las Vegas AcesWNBA2016-2023,901Rep.Stuart SternbergTampa Bay RaysMLB2016-2023,436Dem.W. Joseph Williams Jr.Cincinnati RedsMLB2016-2022,900Rep.Adam SilverCommissionerNBA2016-2022,400Dem.Jeremy M. Jacobs and Jerry Jacobs Jr.Boston BruinsNHL2016-2021,800Dem.John FisherOakland AthleticsMLB2016-2021,600Dem.Herbert FritchNashville PredatorsNHL2016-2021,200Dem.Carole MorenoLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimMLB2016-2020,000BipartisanCharlie JacobsBoston BruinsNHL2016-2020,000BipartisanGreg JohnsonSan Francisco GiantsMLB2016-2020,000Rep.Joe EllisDenver BroncosNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanJohn MaraNew York GiantsNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanJimmy and Susan HaslamCleveland BrownsNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanKelly LoefflerAtlanta DreamWNBA2016-2020,000BipartisanSteve TischNew York GiantsNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanRobert KraftNew England PatriotsNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanSheila Ford HampDetroit LionsNFL2016-2020,000BipartisanStuart SternbergTampa Bay RaysMLB2016-2020,000BipartisanTilman J. FertittaHouston RocketsNBA2018-2019,600Dem.Charlie JacobsBoston BruinsNHL2016-2019,100Dem.Denise DeBartolo YorkSan Francisco 49ersNFL2016-2019,000Dem.Jack RoushRoush Fenway RacingNASCAR2016-2018,860Rep.Peter GuberGolden State Warriors, Los Angeles DodgersNBA, MLB2016-2017,875Dem.Jimmy and Susan HaslamCleveland BrownsNFL2016-2017,800Dem.Herbert FritchNashville PredatorsNHL2016-2017,400Rep.Fred WilponNew York MetsMLB2016-2016,667BipartisanSaul KatzNew York MetsMLB2016-2016,666BipartisanGene HaasStewart Haas RacingNASCAR2016-2016,400Dem.Mark AttanasioMilwaukee BrewersMLB2016-2016,250BipartisanDan GilbertCleveland CavaliersNBA2016-2015,500Dem.Jim CraneHouston AstrosMLB2016-2015,400Dem.D. Cal McNairHouston TexansNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanGeorge H. McCaskeyChicago BearsNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanJohn MiddletonPhiladelphia PhilliesMLB2016-2015,000BipartisanJohn StantonSeattle MarinersMLB2018-2015,000BipartisanMark DavisLas Vegas RaidersNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanDan GilbertCleveland CavaliersNBA2016-2015,000BipartisanDan SnyderWashington Football TeamNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanE. Stanley Kroenke and Ann KroenkeDenver Nuggets, Los Angeles Rams, Colorado AvalancheNBA, NFL, NHL2016-2015,000BipartisanEdward GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanJanice S. McNairHouston TexansNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanRoger PenskeTeam PenskeNASCAR2016-2015,000BipartisanVirginia McCaskeyChicago BearsNFL2016-2015,000BipartisanJohn YorkSan Francisco 49ersNFL2016-2014,250Dem.Bryan GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2013,700Dem.Roger GoodellCommissionerNFL2016-2013,620Rep.Gail MillerUtah JazzNBA2016-2013,500Dem.Saul KatzNew York MetsMLB2016-2013,419Dem.Jack RoushRoush Fenway RacingNASCAR2016-2012,700Dem.Mark D. LernerWashington NationalsMLB2016-2012,500BipartisanJoe EllisDenver BroncosNFL2016-2012,000Rep.Chip GanassiChip Ganassi RacingNASCAR2016-2011,900Rep.Dawn TrudeauSeattle StormWNBA2016-2011,220Dem.Billie Jean KingLos Angeles DodgersMLB202011,200Dem.Joel GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-2010,800Dem.Arthur J. Rooney IIPittsburgh SteelersNFL2016-2010,700Dem.Robert SarverPhoenix Suns, Phoenix MercuryNBA, WNBA2016-2010,500Dem.Charlie JacobsBoston BruinsNHL2016-2010,400Rep.James IrsayIndianapolis ColtsNFL2016-2010,100Rep.Alan SmoliniskyLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-2010,000BipartisanChris IlitchDetroit Tigers, Detroit Red WingsMLB, NHL2016-2010,000BipartisanEdward P. Roski Jr.Los Angeles KingsNHL2016-2010,000BipartisanJoe GibbsJoe Gibbs RacingNASCAR2016-2010,000Rep.Marian IlitchDetroit Tigers, Detroit Red WingsMLB, NHL2016-2010,000BipartisanMichael J. BidwillArizona CardinalsNFL2016-2010,000BipartisanRick HendrickHendrick MotorsportsNASCAR2016-2010,000BipartisanJames DinanMilwaukee BucksNBA2016-2010,000BipartisanPeter AngelosBaltimore OriolesMLB2016-2010,000BipartisanSheila Ford HampDetroit LionsNFL2016-2010,000Dem.Steve BallmerLA ClippersNBA2016-2010,000Rep.Tom RickettsChicago CubsMLB2016-2010,000BipartisanHerbert FritchNashville PredatorsNHL2016-209,216BipartisanMichael J. BidwillArizona CardinalsNFL2016-208,900Dem.Alex MerueloArizona CoyotesNHL20208,300Dem.Darcie Glazer KassewitzTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-208,300Dem.Scott MalkinNew York IslandersNHL2016-208,300Dem.Arthur BlankAtlanta FalconsNFL2016-208,200Rep.John MiddletonPhiladelphia PhilliesMLB2016-208,100Rep.Michael ReinsdorfChicago BullsNBA2016-208,100Dem.Arthur J. Rooney IIPittsburgh SteelersNFL2016-207,550Rep.Rocky WirtzChicago BlackhawksNHL2016-207,300Dem.Tom StillmanSaint Louis BluesNHL2016-207,000Rep.Tony ResslerAtlanta HawksNBA2016-206,700Rep.Robert KraftNew England PatriotsNFL2016-206,000Dem.David BondermanSeattle KrakenNHL20206,000BipartisanJeanie BussLos Angeles LakersNBA2016-205,948Dem.John StantonSeattle MarinersMLB2018-205,700Rep.Christopher JohnsonNew York JetsNFL2016-205,400Rep.Peter GuberGolden State Warriors, Los Angeles DodgersNBA, MLB2016-205,400BipartisanThomas L. WilliamsCincinnati RedsMLB2016-205,400Dem.Tom GoresDetroit PistonsNBA2016-205,400Rep.Rob ManfredCommissionerMLB2016-205,200Rep.Charles JohnsonSan Francisco GiantsMLB2016-205,200Dem.Bob R. SimpsonTexas RangersMLB2016-205,000BipartisanBruce ShermanMiami MarlinsMLB2018-205,000BipartisanCharles K. MonfortColorado RockiesMLB2016-205,000Rep.David BlitzerPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-205,000BipartisanHal SteinbrennerNew York YankeesMLB2016-205,000BipartisanJohn FisherOakland AthleticsMLB2016-205,000BipartisanJohn ShermanKansas City RoyalsMLB20205,000BipartisanJon LedeckyNew York IslandersNHL2016-205,000Dem.Michael ReinsdorfChicago BullsNBA2016-205,000Rep.Richard L. MonfortColorado RockiesMLB2016-205,000BipartisanRoger GoodellCommissionerNFL2016-205,000BipartisanStephen J. BisciottiBaltimore RavensNFL2016-205,000BipartisanJody Allen (Paul G. Allen Trust)Portland Trail Blazers, Seattle SeahawksNBA, NFL2016-205,000BipartisanJerry JonesDallas CowboysNFL2016-205,000Dem.Robert H. CastelliniCincinnati RedsMLB2016-205,000Dem.Terry PegulaBuffalo Sabres, Buffalo BillsNHL, NFL2016-205,000BipartisanDave ScottPhiladelphia FlyersNHL2016-204,200Dem.Paul DolanCleveland IndiansMLB2016-204,000Dem.Cathy EngelbertCommissionerWNBA2016-203,750BipartisanBruce ShermanMiami MarlinsMLB2018-203,700Dem.John StantonSeattle MarinersMLB2018-203,700Dem.Peter GuberGolden State Warriors, Los Angeles DodgersNBA, MLB2016-203,700Rep.Mark D. LernerWashington NationalsMLB2016-203,500Dem.Amy Adams StrunkTennessee TitansNFL2016-203,100Rep.Mary KellyDenver BroncosNFL2016-202,990Dem.Alan SmoliniskyLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-202,800Dem.D. Cal McNairHouston TexansNFL2016-202,800Rep.John MiddletonPhiladelphia PhilliesMLB2016-202,800Dem.Robert PlummerLos Angeles DodgersMLB2016-202,800Rep.Josh HarrisPhiladelphia 76ers, New Jersey DevilsNBA, NHL2016-202,800BipartisanBill CameronDallas WingsWNBA2016-202,700Dem.Bryan GlazerTampa Bay BuccaneersNFL2016-202,700Rep.Gayle BensonNew Orleans Pelicans, New Orleans SaintsNBA, NFL2016-202,700Rep.Jeffrey LuriePhiladelphia EaglesNFL2016-202,700Dem.John RogersChicago SkyWNBA2016-202,700Rep.John W. HenryBoston Red Sox, Roush Fenway RacingMLB, NASCAR2016-202,700Rep.Roger GoodellCommissionerNFL2016-202,700Dem.Ron FowlerSan Diego PadresMLB2016-202,700Rep.Stuart SternbergTampa Bay RaysMLB2016-202,700Rep.James DinanMilwaukee BucksNBA2016-202,700Rep.Laura RickettsChicago CubsMLB2016-202,700BipartisanTom WernerBoston Red SoxMLB2016-202,700Rep.Saul KatzNew York MetsMLB2016-202,692Rep.W. Joseph Williams Jr.Cincinnati RedsMLB2016-202,100Dem.Henry and Susan SamueliAnaheim DucksNHL2016-202,000BipartisanMark D. LernerWashington NationalsMLB2016-201,500Rep.Andrew MursteinRichard Petty MotorsportsNASCAR2016-201,000Rep.Andrew MursteinRichard Petty MotorsportsNASCAR2016-201,000Dem.Bill Dewitt Jr.St. Louis CardinalsMLB2016-201,000Dem.Gary BettmanCommissionerNHL2016-201,000Dem.Ilana KlossLos Angeles DodgersMLB20201,000Dem.Jack RoushRoush Fenway RacingNASCAR2016-201,000BipartisanJeff VinikTampa Bay LightningNHL2016-201,000Dem.John MaraNew York GiantsNFL2016-201,000Rep.Neil LeibmanTexas RangersMLB2016-201,000BipartisanRichard PettyRichard Petty MotorsportsNASCAR2016-201,000Rep.Rick HendrickHendrick MotorsportsNASCAR2016-201,000Dem.Jeff DickersonSpire MotorsportsNASCAR2020650Dem.Harvey AlterChicago SkyWNBA2016-20500Dem.Thomas L. WilliamsCincinnati RedsMLB2016-20500BipartisanWyc GrousbeckBoston CelticsNBA2016-20500Dem.Dean A. SpanosLos Angeles ChargersNFL2016-20250Dem.Jerry BruckheimerSeattle KrakenNHL2020250Rep.Troy StaffordPremium MotorsportsNASCAR2016-20250Rep.Source: federal election commission, OpenSecrets

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